On August 1st...
1779 – Francis Scott Key is born.
1831 – The "new" London Bridge opens.
1876 – Colorado is admitted as the 38th U.S. state.
1941 – The first Jeep is produced.
1942 – Jerry Garcia is born.
1957 – The United States and Canada form the North American Air Defense Command (NORAD).
1958 – 1st class postage is raised to 4 cents (had been 3 cents for the past 26 years).
1980 – Vigdís Finnbogadóttir is elected President of Iceland and becomes the world's first democratically elected female head of state.
1981 – MTV begins broadcasting in the United States and airs its first video, "Video Killed the Radio Star" by the Buggles.
2001 – Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore has a Ten Commandments monument installed in the judiciary building, leading to a lawsuit to have it removed and his own removal from office.